The Global Impact of Intellectual Disability and Other Mental Disorders in Children
Abstract: Intellectual disabilities and other mental disorders in children are serious health problems and occur in all countries. They result in profound challenges for learning and adaptive behavior and generally require professional services and treatment. Outcomes depend upon access to highly trained professionals and often costly medications. Interactions with the culture of disability in the community and nation are very important for independence and self-fulfillment. Normative and legal barriers can push children with these disabilities to the margins of society and waste their potential. Case examples are given from low-, middle- and highincome countries. Recommendations are made based upon recent World Health Organization Action Plans on Disability.
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The International Childbirth Education Association (ICEA) is a professional organization that supports educators and health care professionals who believe in freedom to make decisions based on knowledge of alternatives in family-centered maternity and newborn care.