Abstract: This article examines the relationship between globalization and breastfeeding in developing and advanced industrial nations. Current research and international and U.S. policies on breastfeeding are analyzed to show the influence of global industrialization, urbanization and modernization on patterns of breastfeeding. Comparisons are drawn between historic changes affecting breastfeeding in Africa and Latin America. Case studies of successful campaigns to promote increased breastfeeding in Bolivia and Kenya are discussed. Further, recommendations are made for essential structural reforms in public funding, healthcare, family leave, and work site flexibility for working mothers to support higher levels of breastfeeding. Please view our journal to read the full article, and other articles in this quarter’s International Journal of Childbirth Education. You must be logged in to your account to view the Journal.